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Andorra is a tiny landlocked country in southwestern Europe. It is sandwiched between Spain and France, in the eastern Pyrenees mountains. With an area of just 468 sq km (181 sq mi), Andorra is the sixth smallest country in Europe. It is also not very densely populated, with a population of just 84,000 (2011 estimate).

Sant Romà de les Bons in Encamp, Andorra
Sant Romà de les Bons in Encamp, Andorra
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sant_Rom%C3%A0_de_les_Bons_-_Encamp_-_Andorra.jpg
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The capital of Andorra is Andorra la Vella. At an elevation of 1,023 meters, it is the highest capital city in Europe. The country is a principality that was formed in 1278. The office of the monarch is jointly held by two co-princes - the President of the French Republic and the Bishop of Urgell of Catalonia, Spain.

The history of Andorra goes back to the time of Charlemagne, who granted a charter to the Andorran people as a reward for fighting the Moors. Overlordship of Andorra was in the hands of the Count of Urgell. It eventually passes to the Bishop of Urgell. In 1278, a dispute over the sovereignty of Andorra resulted that it become shared between the Spanish Bishop of Urgell and the French Count of Foix. The title of the count of Foix was over time transferred to the French head of state, to the kings of France, and eventually to the President of the French Republic.

Ski slopes in Andorra in February
Ski slopes in Andorra in February
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:97184776_224fae1b16_b.jpg
authorshipChristof Damian
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Despite its remote location, Andorra has developed a thriving tourism industry. Being between France and Spain, it has made the best of both worlds, attracting tourists who come to enjoy its mountain resorts, fresh air and pristine natural environment.

Preparing Money for Andorra

The currency used in Andorra is the Euro (EUR).

Planning your visit to Andorra

The most practical (or rather, only) way to reach Andorra is by road. It does not have an airport or a train station. The roads in Andorra are of good quality. Between Spain and France, it's easier to get to Andorra from Spain, as the roads are straighter while the France side has more hairpin bends. There is also a toll for passing through the 2.9 km Tunel d'Envalira on the French side costing €4.80 (and €5.60 in winter), payable by credit card.

Pont d'Ordino, Andorra
Pont d'Ordino, Andorra
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pont_d%27Ordino.jpg
authorshipJoan Simon
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Major Cities in Andorra

Andorra ratified the World Heritage Convention on 3 January, 1997. As of August, 2010, it has one property inscribed as a World Cultural Heritage Site, and two more submitted to the World Heritage Tentative List.
  1. Andorra la Vella - capital
  2. Arinsal
  3. Canillo
  4. Encamp
  5. Escaldes-Engordany
  6. La Massana
  7. Ordino
  8. Sant Julia de Loria
  9. Santa Coloma

World Heritage Sites in Andorra

  1. Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley (2004)
Sites in Andorra on the World Heritage Tentative List.
  1. Ensemble historique de Santa Coloma (1999)
  2. Eglises romanes d'Andorre (1999)

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