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Australia Travel Guide
Australia Travel Guide
Author: Hai Linh Truong (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic)



Australia is one of the most amazing countries in the world. Throught the Australia, I want to take you to every state in the country, to view all that Australia has to offer. I hope this will be a journey for discovery that we shall enjoy together.

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere. It is located to the south of the Asian continent, to the east of the Indian Ocean, and to the west of the South Pacific Ocean. Australia comprises the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and a number of small islands surrounding the mainland.

Guide to Australia Hotels

Here's a list of hotels in Australia that you can book online, listed by city, with full description, star rating, address, location map, evaluation, and prices as offered by different booking sites. This helps you to make your room booking with the site that offers the best price.


Restored buildings at The Rocks, Sydney
Restored buildings at The Rocks, Sydney
Author: Dingy (public domain)

More on Australia

Australia covers an area of 7,617,930 sq km (2,941,299 sq mi). It has a population of 22.5 million people (2010 estimate), the majority of which live in the major cities located near the coasts. The landmass of Australia has seen human habitation going back thousands of years. It was sighted by Dutch explorers in 1606. Britain laid claim over it in 1770, and on 7 February, 1788, formally took possession of the land.

Australia became independent of the United Kingdom on 1 January, 1901, when its six colonies became a federation, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Its capital, Canberra, was selected in 1908 and established on 12 March, 1913. The oldest British settlement in Australia, Sydney, is today its most populous city, with a metropolitan population of 4.5 million people.

Australia is a member of the United Nations, the G20, the Commonwealth of Nations, OECD and the World Trade Organization.


Cape Leeuwin, Western Australia
Cape Leeuwin, Western Australia
Author: Bjørn Christian Tørrissen (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Australia is composed of four states, two mainland territories, namely the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory. In addition, the country administers external territories such as Christmas Island, Cocos Islands, Heard and McDonald Islands, and Australian Antarctic Territory, among others. Each state and major mainland territory has its own parliament.

Australia is the world's smallest continent as well as the world's largest island. It has a 34,218-km coastline, excluding the offshore islands. On the whole, the country is quite flat, with desert and semi-arid land occupying the largest portion of it. The Great Dividing Range is the main mountain range in the country. It runs parallel to the coast from Queensland through New South Wales and much of Victoria. The tallest mountain in Australia is Mount Kosciuszko, at 2,228 m (7,310 ft). It is shorter than Mawson peak on the remote Heard Island, which is 2,745 m (9,006 ft).

The climate of Australia is influenced by ocean currents. Seasonal low pressure results in cyclones in northern Australia. The northern part of the country experiences tropical climate. The central heart of Australia is covered by desert. The main cities of the country are on the southeastern portion of the continent, which enjoys temperate climate.


Australian Baobab Tree in Derby, Western Australia
Australian Baobab Tree in Derby, Western Australia
Author: Nachoman-au (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Planning your visit to Australia

With the exception of nationals of New Zealand, all over visitors to Australia need to get a visa before arrival. Some nationals can apply for the Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) which costs A$20, and may be applied online or through your travel agent.

Visitors from the European Union, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland can apply for the eVisitor pass, which is free and is identical to the ETA. If you do not qualify for either of these, you will need to apply for the non-electronic visa.

Australia has very strict quarantine requirements, especially regarding the bringing in of animal and vegetable products. In other words, you are not allowed to bring in any food, wooden products, seeds, and so on. All baggages are scanned and examined by sniffer dogs before allowed into the country.


Naracoorte Caves, South Australia
Naracoorte Caves, South Australia
Author: Kevin (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Planning your trip to Australia

There are international flights arriving in Australia at its major cities, with Sydney having the biggest and busiest airport. Other entry points include Melbourne, Perth, Brisbane and Darwin. There are also direct flights to Adelaide, Cairns, the Gold Coast and Christmas Island.

A flight to Sydney takes about 3 hours from New Zealand, 7-11 hours from different parts of Asia, 14 hours from the west coast of the United States and South Africa, and up to 24 hours from western Europe. Sydney hotels are known for being busy, so it is key to book one prior to your arriving. If you need to transit from your international flight to a domestic one, note that the airports at Sydney, Brisbane and Perth have separate terminals while Melbourne, Adelaide, Darwin and Cairns airports have both in the same terminal building.

There are now a few low-cost airlines flying to Australia. Among them, AirAsia X flies from Kuala Lumpur to the Gold Coast, Melbourne and Perth, Tiger Airways flies from Singapore to Perth, Jetstar flies from Auckland, Bali Singapore, Hong Kong, Jakarta, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Manila, Osaka, Phnom Penh and Tokyo to various cities in Australia.


Cradle Mountain, Tasmania
Cradle Mountain, Tasmania
Author: Peripitus (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)

Preparing Money for your trip to Australia

The currency used in Australia is the Australian dollar (AUD). The following are the latest rates for Australian dollar in the last 24-hours.

Planning your travel within Australia

Australia is a vast country, so going by road usually takes a long time between cities. At the nearest, it takes at least three hours to drive from Sydney to Canberra, and 9 hours from Sydney to Melbourne, and these are just rough estimates. Sydney hotels offer great hotel deals when you reach your destination. So, it makes sense when newlyweds have their honeymoon in Sydney when they live in Melbourne. Recently Melbourne wedding destinations have become very popular amount young couples. It will not take long for Melbourne to be the next top vacation spot.

Flying domestic is of course the fastest way to go from one city to the other. However, flights are not exactly cheap. To get the best deal, book way ahead of your departure. The four domestic airlines serving routes in Australia are Qantas, Virgin Blue, Jetstar and Tiger Airways.


Whitehaven Beach, Whitsunday Island, Queensland
Whitehaven Beach, Whitsunday Island, Queensland
Author: Damien Dempsey (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic)

Recommended Travel Guidebook

My favorite travel guidebook for Australia is the Australia Eyewitness Guide, because it follows a format that I find useful to users, not to mention I have also contributed to some of the titles in the Eyewitness series of guidebooks.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Australia

  1. Great Barrier Reef
  2. Kakadu National Park
  3. Willandra Lakes Region
  4. Lord Howe Island Group
  5. Tasmanian Wilderness
  6. Gondwana Rainforests of Australia
  7. Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park
  8. Wet Tropics of Queensland
  9. Shark Bay
  10. Fraser Island
  11. Australian Fossil Mammal Sites
  12. Heard and McDonald Islands
  13. Macquarie Island
  14. Greater Blue Mountains Area
  15. Purnululu National Park
  16. Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens
  17. Sydney Opera House

Australia Travel Tips

  1. Arriving in Australia by air
    Details for international visitors entering Australia by flight.

  2. Domestic Flights
    Details for taking domestic flights in Australia.

  3. Traveling by Car
    Get details about driving in Australia, the rules of the road, petrol stations, and so on.

Things to do in Australia

  1. Where to stay in Australia
    Find out about the different accommodation options available in Australia.

  2. Eating in Australia
    Everything you need to know for dining in Australia.

  3. Food of Australia
    Get to know the local food and delicacies.

  4. What to drink in Australia
    Information on the different beverages available, alcoholic and non-alcoholic.

  5. Shopping in Australia
    Learn about shop opening hours, taxes, sales and regional products.

  6. Outdoor Activities in Australia
    Information on recreational activities in Australia such as bushwalking, extreme sports, cycling, camel trekking, and more.

Getting By in Australia

  1. When to Visit
    Find out which part of the year is most ideal for you to visit Australia.

  2. Entry Requirements
    Do you need a visa or will a valid passport do? Find out here.

  3. Student Travel in Australia
    Are there any privileges available to you if you are a student? Find out here.

  4. Electricity
    Details on the voltage in Australia, and the conversion plugs you will need to bring.

Australia Accommodation guide

  1. Where to stay
  2. Luxury hotels
  3. Boutique hotels
  4. Chain hotels
  5. Country house hotels
  6. Backpacker hotels

Administrative Divisions of Australia

Australia comprises six states and two mainland territories that function as states in most respects.
  1. Australian Capital Territory
  2. New South Wales
  3. Northern Territory
  4. Queensland
  5. South Australia
  6. Tasmania
  7. Victoria
  8. Western Australia

Discover the Towns & Cities of Australia

Travel information on a growing list of towns and cities in Australia, with details on getting there and tourist attractions.
  1. Canberra - capital
  2. Sydney - biggest city
  3. Adelaide
  4. Albany
  5. Albury
  6. Alice Springs
  7. Apollo Bay
  8. Ararat
  9. Armidale
  10. Ayr
  11. Bairnsdale
  12. Ballarat
  13. Bendigo
  14. Bowen
  15. Brisbane
  16. Broken Hill
  17. Broome
  18. Bunbury
  19. Bundaberg
  20. Burnie
  21. Busselton
  22. Cairns
  23. Caloundra
  24. Campbelltown
  25. Charters Towers
  26. Cobar
  27. Coffs Harbour
  28. Darwin
  29. Devonport
  30. Dubbo
  31. Echuca
  32. Emerald
  33. Esperance
  34. Euroa
  35. Fremantle
  36. Geelong
  37. Geraldton
  38. Gladstone
  39. Gold Coast
  40. Gosford
  41. Goulburn
  42. Griffith
  43. Gympie
  44. Hervey Bay
  45. Hobart
  46. Horsham
  47. Ipswich
  48. Kalgoorlie-Boulder
  49. Kangaroo Island
  50. Karratha
  51. Katherine
  52. Kununurra
  53. Launceston
  54. Leeton
  55. Logan City
  56. Mackay
  57. Mandurah
  58. Maryborough
  59. Melbourne
  60. Mildura
  61. Mount Gambier
  62. Mount Isa
  63. Murray Bridge
  64. Narrandera
  65. Newcastle
  66. Newman
  67. Noosa
  68. Nowra
  69. Orange
  70. Palmerston
  71. Parkes
  72. Perth
  73. Port Augusta
  74. Port Douglas
  75. Port Hedland
  76. Port Lincoln
  77. Port Macquarie
  78. Port Pirie
  79. Queanbeyan
  80. Richmond
  81. Rockhampton
  82. Sale
  83. Shepparton
  84. Smithton
  85. Southport
  86. Stawell
  87. Swan Hill
  88. Tamworth
  89. Tennant Creek
  90. Toowoomba
  91. Townsville
  92. Traralgon
  93. Victor Harbor
  94. Wagga Wagga
  95. Wangaratta
  96. Warrnambool
  97. Weipa
  98. Whyalla
  99. Wodonga
  100. Wollongong
  101. Yulara

World Greatest Sites

  1. The Twelve Apostles Photo Album

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  • IDD Call Prefixes & Country Codes (PDF): Listing of Call Prefixes and Country Codes on one page for you to bring on your trip.
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  • Guide to Health Matters related to Travel: Comprehensive coverage of different issues related to your health when traveling.
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